SANCTIONED: Trump Administration Dismissed International Law, Forced Deportation of Eritreans and Cambodians Who Face Torture, Death In Home Countries - Advancement Project - Advancement Project

SANCTIONED: Trump Administration Dismissed International Law, Forced Deportation of Eritreans and Cambodians Who Face Torture, Death In Home Countries

On January 31, 2020, the Trump Administration expanded the Muslim Ban to include six additional countries: Eritrea, Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar (Burma), Nigeria, Sudan, and Tanzania. Notably, four of these countries are in Africa. The Muslim Ban is now also an Africa Ban. Eritrea, one of the Africa Ban countries, has been targeted by the Administration since September 2017. In September 2017, the Administration imposed visa sanctions on: Cambodia, Eritrea, Guinea, and Sierra Leone, targeting vulnerable refugees and immigrants who sought sanctuary from war, persecution, poverty, and violence.

The Trump Administration’s stated reason for choosing to enforce the sanctions was that these countries had “delay[ed] or refuse[d] to issue travel documents” for people that Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) intended to deport. The Administration further stated that sanctions would be lifted only if the country more aggressively cooperated with ICE’s deportation plans. In other words: The government imposed visa sanctions with the explicit intent of facilitating and expediting the deportation of Black and Asian community members from our country.

In January 2019, Advancement Project National Office filed suit under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) on behalf of the UndocuBlack Network, after the Trump Administration violated our FOIA requesting information about the September 2017 visa sanctions. Following the suit, the government started producing documents. Below are some highlights that shed light on the government’s devastating impact that forced deportations would have on migrants from Eritrea and Cambodia and the influence of anti-immigrant hate groups on public policy.

  • Administration knew that migrants deported to Eritrea face high likelihood of imprisonment, torture, and death:

In March 2017, ICE received a letter from the America Team for Displaced Eritreans that detailed an “urgent request” to suspend deportations of Eritreans, who “would likely be imprisoned, tortured and even put to death by the Eritrean regime if they were removed to Eritrea before the country became safe.” The letter attached findings of American and international human rights bodies, including the U.S.Department of State, that confirm the likelihood of imprisonment, torture, and death for deported Eritreans.

In December 2017, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) received a joint urgent appeal by the U.N. Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, the U.N. Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, the U.N. Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea, and the U.N. Working Group on Arbitrary Detention. The appeal was about the deportation of Eritreans, and it noted that those forcibly returned to Eritrea “are at high risk of being arrested and detained, and subjected to ill-treatment and torture,” including enslavement. The appeal asked, among other requests, that the U.S. government “provide information about any measures taken to guarantee the psychological and physical integrity of the Eritrean nationals if returned to their home country.”

  • Administration knew of the devastating impact of forced deportations on Cambodian refugees:

In July 2017, delegations from the United States and Cambodia met to discuss the issue of repatriation. Notes from this joint commission meeting indicate that the Cambodian delegation relayed various concerns regarding the deportation of people to Cambodia, including that the “[d]eportation of refugees is against U.S. and international law, and does not reflect American values.” The Cambodian delegation observed that those who would be forcibly deported “have already paid their debt to society by serving time in ,” and would be “removed from their families” without “visiting rights to America,” and would endure “difficult” integration into Cambodian society. The Cambodian delegation then noted that four people forcibly deported to Cambodia have already died by suicide.

  • ICE Legal Staff receive updates from anti-immigrant hate group Center for Immigration Studies (CIS):

ICE’s Office of the Principal Legal Advisor produced an email suggesting that someone in its office subscribes to weekly email updates by the anti-immigrant hate group, CIS. In late August 2017, one of the CIS weekly e-newsletters included a CIS opinion piece titled “Won’t Take Back Your Citizens? No Visas For You: Trump Pulls the Trigger on 243(d).”

What can you do?

  • Tell Congress to pass the Eritrean Nationals’ Safety from Unjust Removal or Exclusion (“ENSURE”) Act.
  • Tell Congress, Department of Homeland Security, and the U.S. State Department to cancel visa sanctions currently in effect.

For more information, please contact Losmin Jimenez, Project Director, Immigrant Justice, [email protected] or Patrice Lawrence, Executive Director, the UndocuBlack Network, [email protected].

 

Other documents

Download

KEEP READING

Advancement Project National Office Condemns Supreme Court Clearing Trump Administration To Implement New Rule Impacting Immigrants of Color, Working Class Families

WASHINGTON, D.C. – The Supreme Court has endorsed the Trump Administration’s continuous assault on immigrants by Monday’s decision to let the Administration implement the ‘public charge’ rule. “Throughout his campaign and his presidency, Trump has sought to dehumanize immigrants and people of color – in essence, shrinking the definition of who is seen as ‘a person,” said Losmin Jimenez, Project Director and Senior Attorney, Immigrant Justice at Advancement Project National Office. “Today’s public charge shift is not a minor bureaucratic change. It is an attempt to perpetuate a malicious narrative about people of color. A president who calls people animals,…

Read More
Advancement Project National Office Applauds Proposed Legislation Decriminalizing Immigration

WASHINGTON, DC – Advancement Project National Office welcomes the introduction of the New Way Forward Act in the U.S. House of Representatives. The New Way Forward is a welcome first step towards undoing some of the harms of the 1996 immigration laws that created mandatory detention, facilitated local law enforcement with immigration enforcement, criminalized migration (illegal entry and illegal re-entry federal prosecutions), and eliminated the ability of immigration judges to consider multiple mitigating factors and equities in immigration court. “Communities of color are disproportionately impacted when local law enforcement engages in racial profiling. Policies like “stop and frisk,” broken windows…

Read More
Advancement Project National Office Releases Major Report Exposing Inhumane Conditions Inside an ICE Detention, Calls to End Immigrant Detention

CONTACT Joshua Garner [email protected] 202-728-9557 240-326-3874 WASHINGTON, DC – Advancement Project National Office in partnership with Puente Human Rights Movement are calling for an end to immigrant detention and mass incarceration as they launch the release of  “Arizona’s Carceral Crisis: The Human Cost of Being Confined,” a report that exposes the extreme conditions inside an ICE detention facility. The qualitative report highlights the harmful ways that immigrants of color are criminalized and dehumanized in an ICE detention center in Arizona, and how these harmful practices feed the mass incarceration crisis across America. This…

Read More
Advancement Project National Office and Human Rights Organization Release Report Detailing Inhumane Conditions of ICE Detention Facilities, Call For End of Immigrant Detention

Civil Rights Organizations to Release New Report: “The Carceral State of Arizona: The Human Cost of Being Confined,” Exposing Inhumane Conditions Inside an ICE Detention Facility During 11/21 Event WASHINGTON, D.C. – Advancement Project National Office and Puente Human Rights Movement will host an event calling for the closure of ICE detention facilities throughout the U.S. during a report launch Thursday, Nov. 21 at The Loft in Washington, D.C. During the ceremony, the organizations will release, “The Carceral State of Arizona: The Human Cost of Being Confined,” detailing the inhumane conditions inside an ICE detention facility outside of Phoenix,…

Read More
Advancement Project National Office Issues Statement on Beginning of Dreamers Supreme Court Hearing

Today, the U.S. Supreme Court will hear oral arguments in the DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals) case. The Supreme Court will determine whether the Trump Administration violated the due process when it abruptly cancelled the DACA program on September 5, 2017. The Supreme Court will also hear arguments whether a court has the power to review the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) decision to end DACA. “We know that when Trump enlisted leaders from nativist organizations that believe in eugenics to work at DHS, that it was a part of the White Supremacist wish list that Trump wanted to carry out across the entire federal government,” said Losmin Jiménez Project Director and Senior Attorney for the Immigrant…

Read More
Puente Human Rights Movement in Collaboration with Advancement Project National Office Leads Coalition of Immigrant Tribunal Calling For Closure of ICE Detention Facilities in Arizona

CONTACTLucia [email protected] Joshua Garner [email protected](202) 728-9557 (O)(240) 326-3874 (M) PHOENIX, AZ—Puente Human Rights Movement will lead a coalition of civil rights and immigrant advocacy organizations calling for the closure of ICE detention facilities throughout the state during a migration tribunal event on Saturday, Oct. 19 at its headquarters. During the event, the organization will release its new report, “Arizona’s Carceral Crisis: The Human Cost of Being Confined,“ in collaboration with Advancement Project National Office detailing…

Read More
Advancement Project National Office Condemns Supreme Court’s Decision on Trump’s Asylum Ban for People Who Migrate Through Southern Border

WASHINGTON, DC – On September 11, 2019, in Barr v. East Bay Sanctuary Covenant, the Supreme Court granted the Trump Administration’s request for a stay of the nationwide injunction against the administrative rule effectively barring asylum for anyone, including unaccompanied children, if they migrated through the southern border. This rule is often referred to as “Asylum Ban 2.0.” The Administration’s Asylum Ban 2.0 went into effect without an opportunity for notice and comment. That approach is a radical departure from the normal administrative process federal agencies must follow under federal law. Seeking asylum is often a life or death matter.

Read More
Trump Administration’s Regulation Punishes Immigrant Families for Using Life-Saving Services

Contact: Elana Needle [email protected] 201-248-9724  WASHINGTON – On August 12th, the Trump Administration’s Department of Homeland Security announced it will be publishing its finalized public charge rule, continuing its history of actions and policies harmful to immigrant communities. The finalized rule change, which is expected to be published on August 14, 2019, will go into effect on October 15, 2019. These changes will likely have a chilling effect – not only increasing the number of immigrants denied lawful permanent residence based on their use of certain government services, household income, and…

Read More
‘Public Charge’ Rule Punishes Immigrant Families Color

'Public charge' changes will keep immigrants of color from citizenship, voting

Read More
STATEMENT: Mississippi raid is state-sanctioned violence, attack on communities of color

Advancement Project National Office is on the ground in Mississippi organizing against this attack WASHINGTON, DC – On Wednesday, August 7, Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents conducted the largest raid in U.S. history in Morton, MS.Advancement Project National Office, a multi-racial civil rights organization, released the following statement: “As our nation is reeling from the shootings in El Paso, Texas, and in Dayton, Ohio, more than 600 ICE agents descended on a poultry processing plant in Morton, Mississippi conducting the largest ever workplace ICE raid in U.S. history, arresting 680 immigrants, leaving hundreds of children without parents and stranded after the…

Read More